Every tenth death associated with excessive consumption of salt.
Sаlt is a mineral needed for maintaining physiological processes in the body. Salt provides the necessary hydration and participates in the regulation of blood glucose levels and ensure the normal metabolic processes in the thyroid gland, helps normalize sleep. But unfortunately, a significant proportion of the population consumes an excessive amount of salt in food that triggers the development of a number of disorders - high blood pressure, stroke and heart failure. However, even a slight decrease in salt intake can be a real boon for the body..
МDoctors estimate that 1.65 million deaths per year from cardiovascular disease. Every tenth death is connected with the excessive consumption of salt. They emphasize the importance of outreach to the population about the dangers posed excess salt.
World Health Organization has developed a "Plan of Action for the implementation of the European Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases, 2012 -2016. One of the sections of the program is dedicated to reducing population salt intake, where the aim is to reduce salt intake in the diet to a level not exceeding 5 g (2000 mg sodium) per person a day. The justifying of this goal emphasizes that in most countries of the daily salt consumption levels exceed the limits recommended by the WHO. The main source of salt is in foods exposed processed. There is a direct correlation between salt intake and blood pressure levels. Reducing salt intake reduces the long-term risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. It is estimated that a decrease in salt intake from 10 g to 5 g per day would reduce the overall indicator of stroke by 23% and the rate of cardiovascular disease - 17%.
Scientific studies show that excess salt in the body - a direct path to diseases: arthritis, rheumatism, dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, kidney stones, hypertension, thrombophlebitis, glaucoma, cataract.
Recognizing this problem, the number of countries, promoters of reducing salt intake pure population has increased over the past four years from 32 to 60. In addition, a number of countries that actually demonstrated the policy change in sodium intake, went way from 5 to 12 years.
Here are some of them:
• Finland, characterized the longest initiative to reduce salt consumption by society, reduced salt intake by 15% between 1979 and 2007, from 12.8 g to 9.0 g
• In the UK, decreased salt intake by 15% between 2001 and 2011, from 9.5 g to 8.1 g, which, according to experts, helped to save approximately 8,500 lives per year.
• In Turkey, where salt intake exceeded 18.0 g / day, decreased salt intake by 17%, to 15.0, between 2008 and 2012.
• proactive steps to reduce the salt content in the bread, one of the main sources of the salt resulted in a reduction of the salt content by 36% in Chile, 26% in Spain and 29% in the US.
• In 2013, South Africa became the first country to legally obliged to limit the use of salt in the food industry to reduce sodium intake to less than 5 grams per person per day by 2020 year.
On the scientific session of the sodium content in food and its links with hypertension, which took place at the joint conference of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and the International Society of Hypertension (ISH), entitled "Hypertension 2014" sounded an appeal to doctors in public education and take an active part in the initiative to reduce population salt intake.
This conference presents statistics:
- Reducing the salt intake to 2 grams a day reduces occurrences of cardiovascular disease by 20%.
- Data from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) for 2010 of about 32% of cases of hypertension caused by high salt content in the food, which in terms of absolute numbers of about 300 million people.
- Global assessment of the severity of the disease has more than three million deaths, 61 million years of disability and 57 million years of age irrevocably lost, and all the negative data related only to the high consumption of salt intake in 2010.
In connection with this problem raises the question: "How can we reduce the consumption of salt?"
1. Himself to cook, because according to the American Heart Association, over 75% of the sodium in the average American diet comes from salt, which is added to the technologically processed foods or semi-finished products. In this regard, they recommend a course of household cooking observe daily norm salts when added to the vegetables or other dishes - not more than 2 grams per day.
2. Eat foods rich in fiber and low sodium.
3. Use salt mixture with a reduced content of sodium.
4. To accustom himself acquainted with the contents of the said amount of sodium on the label and consider these data in hand.
Salt can also be a tool for training the body and mind in the process of reducing its content in the diet. First dishes may seem somewhat insipid and tasteless in comparison to what you're used to, but with the passage of time will change the taste habits and adapt to new dietary standards.
For those people who do not want just to change their lifestyle, and they are the majority in some countries it is recommended to use the salt with the same salt taste, but with a reduced sodium content.
So, for example, came to Finland. It is the only country where common salt is prohibited. A "Finnish" salt - Pansalt (a mixture of sodium chloride, potassium chloride and magnesium sulphate) is available almost everywhere in Europe. The result? 80% decline in deaths from heart attacks and strokes (according to 2010).
Beginning in 2006, AMO (American Medical Organization) is trying to ban the sale of pure salt, as a "health hazard" And for Americans invited the salt mixture "Morton Lite Salt" (mixture with potassium chloride).
As the data of the American Association of heart disease research, 75% of the world's population consume too much salt. Analysis of the consumption of salt covered 187 countries, and was held for twenty years (1990 to 2010). Exceeding the recommended standards of consumption of salt it was registered in 181 countries. And the greatest number of deaths caused by diseases associated with excessive consumption of salt, registered in Russia, Egypt and Ukraine.
According to the data given in the magazine «The New England Journal of Medicine», who presented the research team led by Dr. Dariush Mozaffarian from Tufts University. Among the various countries of the highest cardiovascular mortality due to increased salt intake was recorded in Georgia - 1967 deaths per 1 million adults per year, the lowest - in Kenya, where it was 4 deaths per 1 million people a year. The highest mortality rate among the 30 largest countries in number of nations have seen in Ukraine. In our country, this figure amounted to 1540 deaths per 1 million adults a year.
Supporting the World Health Organization, in our company in 2014 developed a number of recipes salt with low sodium brand «SOLENA».
Today, the stores can already buy the products of our company - "Salt with low sodium with potassium." The structure of the salt with low sodium with potassium trademark «SOLENA» includes 70% sodium chloride and 30% potassium chloride. "Salt with low sodium with potassium" is the most useful for people suffering from cardiovascular diseases and hypertension.
Also under the trademark «SOLENA» developed salt with minerals. Salt with minerals include elements such as Mg, Se, Zn, Cr, Ge, Fe, J. Salt with minerals necessary for people that control blood sugar levels, as well as those who follow in their health pits and follows diets.
The use of dietary salt mixtures instead of pure salt, without changing the traditional way of life, reduces the risk of many diseases. If you progress as Finns and reduce salt intake, it is likely, as the residents of Finland increased life expectancy from 68 to 81 years.
We wish you good health and long life!